Politiche a sostegno del sistema di ricerca e sviluppo in Danimarca, Finlandia, Francia, Germania, Italia, Spagna e Svezia
di Margherita Russo, Francesco Silvestri Valentina Fiordelmondo, Annalisa Caloffi, Federica Rossi, Stefano Ghinoi, Antonio Kaulard
ISSN: 2281-440X online
Abstract. As a complementary research in the project “Poli.in_Analysis and modeling of Innovation Poles in Tuscany”, this paper addresses the issue of how are structured policies for innovation in other EU countries and Italian regions that have adopted policies of innovation through the creation of innovation poles. Integrating a research produced by Caloffi, Mariani and Rulli (2014) on innovation policies in the Italian regions, the paper analyses the policies of innovation and technology transfer of some of the major European countries: Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden, and six Italian regions having innovation poles policies. For each country, the survey highlights the following issues. 1. Background: there is a national policy supporting the regional policies? At what level decisions are made concerning technology transfer? What are the infrastructure created at both national and regional levels? 2. Regions: which will be considered and why? 3. Time horizon: in which periods of time are individual policies for innovation active? 4. Financial dimension: what is the budget invested in those policies? 5. Beneficiaries: the aim is mainly to large companies or SMEs? Who are the stakeholders? What are the institutions involved? 6. Hints for the comparison with the policies of the Tuscany Region: what are the issues confrinted in other countries to identify the key players of innovation policy? What degree of similarity have the concepts used in the country compared to those we ientify in Tuscany (technology clusters, innovation poles, competence centers, network of incubators, …)? For each country sources of information are listed. The paper presents also a review on six Italian regions that implemented policies for in-novation poles.
Keywords: innovation policy, research and development, technology transfer, national innovation system, comparative analysis, Europe
JEL codes: O25 Industrial Policy, O38 Technological Change: Government Policy, O30 Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights: General, O52 Economywide Country Studies: Europe